Central Data Catalog


Type Journal Article - Glob Health Action
Title Social gradients in self-reported health and well-being among adults aged 50 and over in Pune District, India
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2010
Page numbers 0-0
URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3402/gha.v3i0.2128
India's older population is projected to increase up to 96 million by 2011 with older people accounting for 18% of its population by 2051. The Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health aims to improve empirical understanding of health and well-being of older adults in developing countries.

To examine age and socio-economic changes on a range of key domains in self-reported health and well-being amongst older adults.

A cross-sectional survey of 5,430 adults aged 50 and over using a shortened version of the SAGE questionnaire to assess self-reported assessments (scales of 1–5) of performance, function, disability, quality of life and well-being. Self-reported responses were calibrated using anchoring vignettes in eight key domains of mobility, self-care, pain, cognition, interpersonal relationships, sleep/energy, affect, and vision. WHO Disability Assessment Schedule Index and WHO health scores were calculated to examine for associations with socio-demographic variables.

Disability in all domains increased with increasing age and decreasing levels of education. Females and the oldest old without a living spouse reported poorer health status and greater disability across all domains. Performance and functionality self-reports were similar across all SES quintiles. Self-reports on quality of life were not significantly influenced by socio-demographic variables.

The study provides standardised and comparable self-rated health data using anchoring vignettes in an older population. Though expectations of good health, function and performance decrease with age, self-reports of disability severity significantly increased with age, more so if female, if uneducated and living without a spouse. However, the presence or absence of spouse did not significantly alter quality of life self-reports, suggesting a possible protective effect provided by traditional joint family structures in India, where older people are social if not financial assets for their children.
Siddhivinayak Hirve, Sanjay Juvekar , Pallavi Lele , and Dhiraj Agarwal. "Social gradients in self-reported health and well-being among adults aged 50 and over in Pune District, India." Glob Health Action (2010).
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